Home / People / Faculty / Arlindo Silva

Arlindo Silva

Associate Professor, Program Director for Master’s of Innovation by Design (MIbD) & Director of the NAMIC Hub@SUTD

Telephone: +65 6499 8754
Room Number: 3.404
Research Areas:
Design Science,Mechanical Engineering

Pillar / Cluster: Engineering Product Development


Arlindo has a PhD in Mechanical Engineering and more than 25 years of teaching and research experience. His current research interests rest on engineering design, product development, creativity, materials selection methodologies, additive manufacturing in composite structures, cost modelling and management of uncertainty in design. He published over a hundred and twenty papers in journals, conferences and book chapters, more than 50 patents and authored/co-edited five books in engineering related topics. He received the MIT-Portugal Education Innovation Award in 2009 and was a Professor of Excellence at the University of Lisbon in 2009, 2013, 2014 and 2015, before joining the Singapore University of Technology and Design as an Associate Professor with the Engineering Product Development Pillar. He was also a Senior Materials Education consultant at Granta Design Ltd, Cambridge, UK, and is an active member of PDMA, ASEE, ASME, ASTM International, INCOSE, DS and SPEE. He is the current NAMIC (National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Cluster) Hub Director at SUTD, liaising Singaporean companies with SUTD’s expertise in Additive Manufacturing and Composites Technologies through the DManD (Digital Manufacturing and Design) Center. He currently teaches Design at all levels of higher education, including executive education. He is also the Program Director for the new Master of Engineering in Innovation by Design at SUTD and a member of the Executive Committee of the Design Business Chamber Singapore. He develops his research between the SUTD-MIT International Design Center, where he co-leads the Experimental Design Thrust, and DManD.


  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Lisbon, Portugal, 2001
  • MSc in Mechanical Engineering from the Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal, 1994
  • Licenciatura (5 years Bachelor) in Mechanical Engineering from the Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal, 1991

Research Interests

His current research interests rest on design methods and techniques, product design and development, engineering education, creativity, materials selection methodologies, renewable composites, advanced composites manufacturing, cost modeling and management of uncertainty in design.

Awards & Achievements

  • Professor of Excellence at the University of Lisbon in 2011, 2013 and 2014. The distinction applies only to those who excel, according to the students’ evaluations on the three domains under evaluation: benefit from face-to-face learning, pedagogic capacity, and interaction with students.
  • MIT-Portugal Educational Innovation Award 2009. This Award was based on student course evaluations, as well as the Coordinators’ assessment of the overall contribution to educational innovation and commitment to pedagogical issues during the 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 academic years. Citation in the award: “Professor Arlindo Silva has shaped the Product Design and Development (PDD) course into one of the MIT-Portugal Program’s most visible examples of educational innovation and of the effective coupling of education and research. Student evaluations of Prof. Silva cite his hard work to bring the course’s lectures and project work together, and give him the highest faculty rating for the Fall 2008 term”.

Selected Journal Publications (last 5 years)

  • Arora, M., Raspall, F., Cheah, L., Silva, A., Buildings and the Circular Economy: Estimating Urban Mining, Recovery and Reuse Potential of Building Components. Resources, Conservation & Recycling 154 (2020) 104581. DOI
  • Juan J., Salan, M.N., Silva, A., Tornero, J., Design of a prototype for the in-situ forming of a liquid infused preform (ISFLIP) process. Journal of Mechanical Design, 142:1 (2020) 015001. DOI
  • Calado, E., Leite, M., Silva, A., Integrating life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC) in the early phases of aircraft structural design: a case study. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 24:12 (2019) 2091-2110. DOI
  • Silva, A., Leite, M., Silva, J. V-B., Simões, R., How education background affects design outcome: teaching product development to mechanical engineers, industrial designers and managers. European Journal of Engineering Education 44:4 (2019) 545-569. DOI
  • Koronis, G., Chia, P.Z., Siang, J.K.K., Silva, A., Yogiaman, C., Raghunath, N., An Empirical Study on the Impact of Design Brief Information on the Creativity of Design Outcomes with consideration of Gender, and Gender Diversity. Journal of Mechanical Design 141:7 (2019) 071102-1-14. DOI
  • Arora, M., Raspall, F., Cheah, L., Silva, A., Residential building material stocks and component-level circularity: The case of Singapore. Journal of Cleaner Production 216 (2019) 239-248. DOI
  • Gaspar, J., Fontul, M., Henriques, E., Silva, A., Push button design requirements and relations to button architecture elements. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 70 (2019) 92-106. DOI
  • Tiong, E., Seow, O., Teo, K., Silva, A., Wood, K.L., Jensen, D.J., Yang, M.C., Economies and Dimensionality of Prototyping: Value, Time, Cost and Fidelity. Journal of Mechanical Design 141:3 (2019) 031105-1-031105-18. DOI
  • Palleti, V. R., Joseph, J.V., Silva, A., A contribution of axiomatic design principles to the analysis and impact of attacks on critical infrastructures. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection 23 (2018) 21-32. DOI
  • Marques, P., Silva, A., Henriques, E., Integrating innovation & technology: a case study. International Journal of Systematic Innovation 5:2 (2018) 25-34.
  • Carvalho, I., Simões, R., Silva, A., Applying the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) to identify design opportunities for improved passenger car eco-effectiveness. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 23:6 (2018) 907–932. DOI
  • Calado, E., Leite, M., Silva, A., Selecting composite materials considering cost and environmental impact in the early phases of aircraft structure design. Journal of Cleaner Production 186 (2018) 113-122. DOI
  • Furtado, S., Araujo, A. L., Silva, A., Inverse characterization of vegetable fibre reinforced composites exposed to environmental degradation. Composite Structures 189 (2018) 529-544. DOI
  • Koronis, G., Silva, A., Green composites reinforced with natural fabrics: process cost and eco-impact assessment. Journal of Composites Science 2:1 (2018). DOI
  • Leite, M., Varanda, A., Ribeiro, A.R., Silva, A., Vaz, M.F., Mechanical properties and water absorption of surface modified ABS 3D printed by fused deposition modeling. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 24:1 (2018) 195-203. DOI
  • Koronis, G., Silva, A., Predicting the flexural properties of woven flax reinforced epoxy composites using design of experiments. Materials Today Communications 13 (2017) 317–324. DOI
  • Fernandes, J., Henriques, E., Silva, A., Pimentel, C., Modelling the dynamics of complex early design processes: an agent-based approach. Design Science, 3 (2017) e19 . DOI
  • Gaspar, J., Fontul, M., Henriques, E., Silva, A., Haptics of in-car radio buttons and its relationship with engineering parameters. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 59:2 (2017) 29-45. DOI
  • Gaspar, J., Fontul, M., Henriques, E., Ribeiro, A., Silva, A., Valverde, N., Psychoacoustics of in-car switch buttons: From feelings to engineering parameters. Applied Acoustics 110 (2016) 280-296. DOI
  • Carvalho, I., Costa, P.L., Simões, R., Silva, A., Silva, S., Qualitative analysis of vehicles needs and perceptions towards the adoption of a reconfigurable vehicle. Research  in Transportation Business & Management 18 (2016) 85-104. DOI
  • Leite, M., Silva, A., Henriques, E., Madeira, J.F.A., Materials selection for a set of multiple parts considering manufacturing costs and weight reduction with structural isoperformance using direct multisearch optimization. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization 52:4 (2015) 635-644. DOI
  • Silva, A., Fontul, M., Henriques, E., Teaching design in the first years of a mechanical engineering degree: methods, issues, and future perspectives. European Journal of Engineering Education. 40:1 (2015) 1-13. DOI
  • Fernandes, J., Silva, A., Henriques, E., Moss, M. A., Requirements change in complex technical systems: an empirical study of root causes. Research in Engineering Design 26:1 (2015) 37-55. DOI

Edited books

  • Koronis, G., Silva, A. (Editors), Green composites for automotive applications. Woodhead Publishing, Elsevier, November 2018. 332 pages. ISBN 9780081021774
  • Henriques, E., Peças P., Silva, A. (Editors), Technology and Manufacturing Process Selection: the Product Life Cycle Perspective. Springer, January 2014. 325 pages. ISBN 978-1447155430.
  • Silva, A., Simões, R (Editors), Handbook of Research on Trends in Product Design and Development: Technological and Organizational Perspectives. IGI-Global (Business Science Reference). July 2010. 550 pages. ISBN 978-1615206179.

Selected book chapters

  • Koronis, G., Silva, A., Eco-impact analysis of a hood part made of a ramie reinforced composite. Chapter 5 in Green Composites for Automotive Applications (2018), Koronis, G., Silva, A. (Editors), Woodhead Publishing, pp99-114. ISBN 978-0-08-102177-4. DOI
  • Peças, P., Ribeiro, I., Carvalho, H., Silva, A., Salman, H., Henriques, E., Ramie and Jute as Natural Fibers in a Composite Part – A Life Cycle Engineering Comparison with an Aluminum Part. Chapter 11 in Green Composites for Automotive Applications (2018), Koronis, G., Silva, A. (Editors), Woodhead Publishing, pp254-284. ISBN 978-0-08-102177-4. DOI
  • Carvalho, H., Raposo, A., Ribeiro, I., Peças, P., Silva, A., Henriques, E., Influence of the use of natural fibres in composite materials assessed on a life cycle perspective. Chapter 14 in Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, vol. 6: Polymeric composites (2017) Thakur, V. K., Thakur, M. K., Kessler, M. R. (Editors), Wiley. ISBN 978-1-119-22380-1. DOI
  • Koronis, G., Furtado, S., Silva, A., Applications of green composite materials. Chapter 10 in Biodegradable Green Composites (2016) Kalia S. (Editor), John Wiley & Sons, pp312-337. ISBN 978-1118911099. DOI
  • Silva, A., Materials as a bridge between science, engineering, and design. Chapter 15 in Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education (2015), Lim, H.L. (Editor), IGI-Global. ISBN 9781466681835. DOI
  • Leite, M., Henriques, E., Silva, A., On the influence of material selection decisions on second-order cost factors. Chapter 4 in Technology and Manufacturing Process Selection: the Product Life Cycle Perspective (2014), Henriques, E., Peças P., Silva, A. (Editors), Springer, pp 59-79. ISBN 978-1-4471-5543-0. DOI

PhD Theses supervised and concluded

  • Mohit Arora, Demolitions to Design: a Case for Circular Economy, 2019
  • Elçin Calado, Materials Selection in the Early Stages of Product Development, 2017.
  • Irene Carvalho, Opportunities in Passenger Car Design for Improved Eco-effectiveness: An Engineering Systems Approach, 2016.
  • João Fernandes, Requirements Change in Complex Product Development: Understanding Causes, Managing Uncertainty, and Planning for Change, 2015.
  • Samuel Furtado, Experimental Characterization of Natural Fibre composites under UV degradation, 2015.
  • Georgios Koronis, A Green Composite as a Hood Part of a Buggy Vehicle, 2014.
  • Marco Leite, Techno-economic evaluation in materials selection for multiple parts under OEM-Tier relations considering ilities and economies of scale, 2012.
  • Pedro Marques, Creativity in Product Development: A contribution to the understanding of front-end design, 2012.
  • António Santos, The design of one-off products developed in SME’s, 2011.
Design of Enhanced Engineering Products Lab

The Design of Enhanced Engineering Products Lab (DEEP Lab) is an informal gathering of faculty, researchers and students with common interests in the areas of the design process, design practice and design research. From its inception in January 2017, the Lab's goal is to foster the design practice and research together with companies through the development of tools and methods. With that objective, we will seek funding from both governmental agencies and companies and will hire and support research staff within research and consultancy projects at the International Design Center. The Lab involves researchers from diverse backgrounds with the aim of fostering interdisciplinary thinking and cross-pollination. The areas of interest to the Lab include, but are not limited to: design methods and techniques, product design and development processes and practices, design research, creativity, materials selection methodologies, renewable composites, cost modeling and management of uncertainty in design.

On-going research projects

  • Rethinking design spaces for composite structures

This research project will kick off in the first quarter of 2019, and is an effort to consolidate the design process for composite structures, taking into account cost, structural performance and environmental impact at the early stages of product design, for aerospace composite structures. The project will be developed in collaboration with a major local company. 

  • UI/UX for a new Kiosk in the biomedical sector

This project aims to redesign the entire experience in a kiosk that offers a biomedical product to customers, without any assistance. The scope of work is to study the current kiosk and develop a new physical structure together a new user interface to enhance the user experience. The project is fully funded by a company in Singapore, and the findings will be applied across the globe.  We are now hiring a research assistant for this project. The successful candidate (SC/SPR) can expect to work until the end of the project (total of 6-9 months). Please send a cover letter and CV to me. Desirable skills include a passion for design, adequate knowledge on modular product platforms, UI/UX needs gathering and app development. Ideal for fresh EPD or ISTD graduates from SUTD!

  • A two-track approach to Cyber-physical systems reconaissance: causal-graphs and axiomatic design

This project aims to study the design of critical cyber-physical systems using two distinct approaches, which will eventually merge together towards the end of the project. Particular emphasis will be put on modelling and attack detection. 

  • Polymer matrix composites program

This project, with multiple research partners across Singapore, aims to advance the state of the art and knowledge on large scale composite structures, using the built-in capabilities at SUTD of robotic additive manufacturing and automated fiber placement, for the specific case of thermoplastic resins. 

  • Industrial Digital Design for Additive Manufacturing Workflows

This project, with multiple research partners across Singapore, aims to advance the state of the art and knowledge on metal additive manufacturing (more specifically, metal PBF), by integrating the workflow from design to delivery into a one-stop software add-on. It aims to use digital twins of the various processes in the workflow and fast surrogate models for the design stage. 

Research projects under review

(coming soon)


Research opportunities

PhD applicants are welcome! If you are looking for a PhD scholarship to develop research in any of DEEP Lab's pertinent areas, there are funding opportunities here. Do let us know of your interest in applying for a scholarship. We will assess the alignment of your interests with those of the Lab and endorse your application.